Similar in appearance to beech, hornbeam, Carpinus betulus, makes a superb specimen tree or hedging plant. Grown as a tree, it has a pyramidal shape that later becomes more rounded. As a formal hedge it requires clipping once a year in mid- to late summer to keep it looking tidy. Although it is deciduous, it retains its coppery dead leaves throughout the winter so it remains an effective screen. Green catkins appear in spring and winged nuts develop in autumn.
For best results grow Carpinus betulus in moist but well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade.