Also know as the Kentucky Coffee Tree, this medium to large tree has a loose, open crown consisting of thick main branches that have few side branches. The young twigs are rough and are covered with a grey to bluish-grey frosting. The sturdy thick trunk is dark grey, rough and deeply grooved. The leaves are paripinnate and the separate leaf segments are ovoid and turn yellow in autumn. The leaf stems remain hanging for some time after the leaves have been shed. Flower plumes are somewhat pendulous and dense. After flowering, hard leguminous fruit appears that can be up to 25 cm in length. The fruit turns brown as it ripens and remains hanging on the tree for a long time.